Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a chronic skin condition characterized by red, itchy, and inflamed skin. While there is no cure for eczema, several ingredients can help manage its symptoms and provide relief. Here are the top 10 ingredients commonly used to treat eczema, along with brief descriptions of their benefits:

Topical Corticosteroids

These prescription medications reduce inflammation and itching associated with eczema by suppressing the immune response and calming the skin.

Emollients (Moisturizers)

Emollients like ceramides, fatty acids, and glycerin help maintain the skin's moisture barrier, preventing dryness and reducing eczema flares.

Colloidal Oatmeal

Colloidal oatmeal soothes irritated skin, relieves itching, and reduces inflammation, making it a gentle and effective ingredient for eczema-prone skin.

Topical Calcineurin Inhibitors (Tacrolimus, Pimecrolimus)

These prescription creams reduce inflammation and manage eczema symptoms without the side effects of corticosteroids.

Coconut Oil

Coconut oil's fatty acids hydrate and protect the skin, helping to alleviate eczema-related dryness and itching.

Shea Butter

Shea butter is rich in vitamins and fatty acids, providing intense moisture and helping to soothe and heal eczema-prone skin.

Evening Primrose Oil

Evening primrose oil contains gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), which can help reduce inflammation and improve skin barrier function in people with eczema.


Probiotics, whether applied topically or taken orally, may help balance the gut microbiome and potentially reduce eczema symptoms in some individuals.


Honey's antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties can help soothe eczema-prone skin and prevent infection in open sores or cracks.

Calendula Extract

Calendula has anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties that can alleviate itching and redness in eczema-affected areas.

It's essential to work with a dermatologist to develop a personalized eczema treatment plan, as the severity of eczema varies from person to person. Additionally, avoiding triggers, practicing good skincare habits, and maintaining a healthy lifestyle can also play crucial roles in managing eczema effectively.